Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world. Every one out of four people has diabetes. There are two types of diabetes. One is preventable while the other isn’t. Diabetes is the common term used for the conditions;
- Diabetes mellitus type one
- Diabetes mellitus type 2
- Diabetes insipidus
- Gestational diabetes
All these conditions are the result of insufficient amount of insulin produced by the pancreas in our body. As pancreatic transplant isn’t still successful this is why diabetes is treated by giving exogenous insulin extracted from animals to the diabetic patients. Type 2 diabetes is preventable whereas type one is not which is why extensive care and treatment is required. The condition is treated depending on the severity and type. The measure of weight loss, medication, insulin injections and controlled diet are taken by the patients. Due to the increasing number of diabetic patients around the globe, the United Nations proclaimed 14th November as the world diabetes day in the General Assembly in 2006. The day is led by International Diabetes Federation and aims to educate the public about the condition and how to prevent it. The government, educational institutes, media and all organizations around the globe should celebrate this day and raise awareness about the disease, give the medical treatment that patients require and come together to discuss the complications and treatments that could be useful in preventing this disease.